This is a small tree reaching 6 meters in height, its trunk is 15 cm in diameter, with a brownish pink bark, which is quite smooth. The branches of this tree are usually grooved becoming hard due to the presence of lenticels and persistent protuberances from which the leaves originate. The leaves are sometimes grouped in a pseudo-whorl and its petiole (stalk) is usually 3-10cm long, is oval to elliptical at the tip, and generally obtuse or rounded at the base. The tree rarely blooms. Male inflorescence is usually clustered on branches that are thin and branched from the base. The female inflorescence is in pendulous clusters 7 cm long which also includes triangular lobes. The capsules produced are rounded, trilobed and 7 to 8 mm long.
This species is usually found in humid forest and occasionally in the intermediate forest. Very rarely observed in bloom.
That Orfilea neraudiana was known as Claoxylon neraudianum by Marouette de Baillon in 1861