Pleurostylia leucocarpa is a small endemic tree that can reach up to 5 meters in height. It develops branches which are distinguished by their quadrangular shape. Its leaves are rather small and are attached to orange-red leaf stalks. The plant has netted venation visible on both sides of the leaf. Inflorescence occurs in the form of tiny green flowers with oblong petals and produces spherical or ovoid fruit which are greenish-yellow and measure between 5 to 6 mm in diameter.
Pleurostylia leucocarpa can be seen in lowland forests as well as in the dry intermediate and upland forests.
Pleurostylia leucocarpa is considered as an ‘Endangered’ species. Such like many species found in the forests of Mauritius, its population has declined with historical deforestation and agricultural development.
Flowering occurs on its stems before the leaves.