- History and Culture
Epinephelus merra, belongs to the order of Perciformes and family of Serranidae (Sea basses).It is commonly known as Honeycomb grouper, Dwarf-spotted grouper, Honeycomb cod, Honeycomb rock cod, Wire-netted reef-cod and Wire-netting cod. It has brown blotches that form a hexagon or honeycomb pattern all over the body. It may also have irregular vertical bands. It has a total of 11 dorsal spines, 15 to 17 dorsal soft rays, 3 anal spines and 8 anal soft rays.
This species is present across the Indo-Pacific region. It is found in shallow lagoons and near seaward reefs. Juveniles are often found near Acropora corals. Its diet consists of crustaceans and fish. The species starts its life as a female and changes sex to a male after 3 -5 years.
According to the IUCN Red list, this species is categorized as being of ‘Least Concern’. It is collected for consumption which is a potential threat. No conservation measures are in place for this species. It is present in many MPAs.
This species can reach a maximum recorded length of 32cm.