- History and Culture
Fromia milleporella has an overall red or brown colour with black pores. It is commonly known as the Red Sea Star, Red Starfish, Black Spotted Starfish, Porous Sea Star amongst other names. The body is flat, slightly granular and uniformly coloured. The dorsal surface possesses the small black dots, irregularly arranged all over. There are 5 arms, triangular in shape. This species can reach about 15cm in length.
This species of sea star is distributed across the Indo-West Pacific, from Madagascar to the Red Sea, including Sri Lanka, Bay of Bengal, Northern Australia, East Indies Philippines, China, South Japan and South Pacific. Recorded depth range is 0 to 73m. It can be found on reef flats and reefs that are rich in calcareous algae. It is hidden in caves and crevices during the day and is rather a nocturnal feeder. Diet consists of algal film, microorganisms, young corals, bivalves and worms. Fromia milleporella exhibits both sexual and asexual reproduction. Embryos undergo a planktonic phase before settling on the ocean floor where they metamorphose into juvenile sea stars.
The conservation status of this species has not been evaluated yet.
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